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The Kumbh Mela is held at four major pilgrimage sites in India, and it rotates between these locations. The four sites and the frequency of the Kumbh Mela at each location are as follows:

1. Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad):
Located at the confluence of the Ganges, Yamuna, and mythical Saraswati rivers in Uttar Pradesh.
The Kumbh Mela in Prayagraj is especially significant and is often referred to as the “Maha Kumbh Mela.” It occurs every 12 years.

2. Haridwar:
Situated on the banks of the Ganges in Uttarakhand.
The Kumbh Mela in Haridwar is held every 12 years, and it is also celebrated every six years as the “Ardh Kumbh.”

3. Nashik:
Located along the banks of the Godavari River in Maharashtra.
The Kumbh Mela in Nashik takes place every 12 years.

4. Ujjain:
Situated on the banks of the Shipra River in Madhya Pradesh.
The Kumbh Mela in Ujjain occurs every 12 years.

The rotation of the Kumbh Mela among these four sites is based on an ancient astrological calculation, and each location hosts the festival approximately every 12 years. The specific year for each Kumbh Mela is determined by a combination of astrological, religious, and traditional considerations.

In addition to these major Kumbh Melas, there is also the “Ardh Kumbh Mela,” which takes place every six years at Haridwar and Prayagraj, alternating between the two locations.

The Kumbh Mela is known for its immense scale, attracting millions of pilgrims, sadhus, and seekers from different parts of India and around the world. Pilgrims participate in ritualistic baths in the sacred rivers, seeking spiritual purification and blessings during this auspicious event.